Excessive breast skin necrosis after single internal mammary artery harvesting
There are still a lot of contradictory reports about single or bilateral, pedicled or skeletonized internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting and its implication on sternal microcirculation and wound complications even in diabetic patients. We present the case of excessive breast skin necrosis after single IMA harvesting in a diabetic patient with necrosis progression far from the acute phase that finally has demanded for breast amputation.
Wouters R, Wellens F, Vanermen H, De Geest R, Degrieck I, De Meerleer F. Sternitis and mediastinitis after coronary artery bypass grafting. Analysis of risk factors. Tex Heart Inst J 1994;21:183-8.
Carrier M, Grégoire J, Tronc F, Cartier R, Leclerc Y, Pelletier LC. Effect of internal mammary artery dissection on sternal vascularization. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;53:115-9.
Seyfer AE, Shriver CD, Miller TR, Graeber GM. Sternal blood flow after median sternotomy and mobilization of the internal mammary arteries. Surgery 1988;104:899-904.
Knobloch K, Lichtenberg A, Pichlmaier M, Mertsching H, Krug A, Klima U, Haverich A. Microcirculation of the sternum following harvesting of the left internal mammary artery. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;51:255-9.
Lorberboym M, Medalion B, Bder O, Lockman J, Cohen N, Schachner A, Cohen AJ. 99mTc-MDP bone SPECT for the evaluation of sternal ischaemia following internal mammary artery dissection. Nucl Med Commun. 2002;23:47-52.
Behranwala AA, Raja SG, Dunning J. Is skeletonised internal mammary harvest better than pedicled internal mammary harvest for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting? Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2005;4:577-82.
Medalion B, Katz MG, Lorberboym M, Bder O, Schachner A, Cohen AJ. Decreased sternal vascularity after internal thoracic artery harvesting resolves with time: an assessment with single photon emission computed tomography. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002;123:508-11.
Copyright (c) 2011 Acta Chirurgica Croatica
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The authors hereby authorize the Acta Chirurgica Croatica (ACC) to publish their work.
The authors are aware that although ACC is Open Access journal, the copyright of all material published is vested in ACC. Open access articles are freely available to read, download, and share from the time of publication under the terms of the Creative Commons License Attribution ‐ NonCommerical No Derivative (CC BY‐NC‐ND) license. This license does not permit reuse for any commercial purposes nor does it cover the reuse or modification of individual elements of the work (such as figures, tables, etc.) in the creation of derivative works without specific permission of ACC and appropriate acknowledgment of its source. The authors permit ACC to allow third parties to copy any part of the work without asking for permission, provided that the reference to the source is given and that this is not done for commercial purposes. Except for copyright, other proprietary rights related to the work (e.g., patent or other rights to any process or procedure) shall be retained by the author. To reproduce any text, figures, tables, or illustrations from this work in future works of their own, the author must obtain written permission from ACC.
Each of the author(s) hereby also grants permission to ACC to use such author’s name and likeness in connection with any past, present or future promotional activity by ACC, including, but not limited to, promotions for upcoming issues or publications, circulation solicitations, advertising or other publications in connection with ACC. Also, each of the author(s) hereby grants permission to ACC to use the manuscript in editorial research related to the improvement of editorial conduct, decision making, and issues related to peer review.
Each of the author(s) hereby releases and shall indemnify and hold harmless ACC and its successors, assigns, licensees, officers, directors, employees, and their respective heirs and representatives from and against any and all liabilities, losses, damages and expenses arising out of any claims of any kind that may be asserted against any of them based in whole or in part on any breach of the author(s)’ representations or warranties herein or in the work or anything contained in the work, including but not limited to any claims for copyright infringement or violation of any rights of privacy or publicity.